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Data sharing and citation practices: An application of the theory of planned behaviour to social science research practice

Presenter 1
Steven Mceachern
Australian Data Archive
Presenter 2
Janet McDougall
Australian Data Archive

This paper will showcase the results of a recent project run by the Australian Data Archive that aims to better understand the data sharing and data citation behaviours and attitudes of Australian social science researchers both in Australia and internationally. We define these two behaviours as follows: a) data sharing: “the voluntary provision of information from one individual or institution to another for purposes of legitimate scientific research” (Boruch, 1985) b) data citation: “the practice of providing a reference to data in the same way as researchers routinely provide a bibliographic reference to outputs such as journal articles, reports and conference papers” (ANDS, 2011) Drawing on the theory of planned behaviour (Azjen, 1991), the study explores researchers’ current and intended data sharing and data citation practices, attitudes towards each behaviour, and perceived social and institutional barriers and supports for data sharing and data citation within their organisation and discipline. The paper will present the results of the ADA survey, and compare with two recent US studies to explore cross-national similarities and differences in data sharing and citation behavior.

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